“Re-election for a winning candidate starts the day after the election”
“Incumbency is an advantage”
“You can’t stop the business of City Hall”
These statements all came out of one tweet.
It is time for municipal elections to have a 28 day writ period. Having the Mayor and Councillors conduct business while campaigning for re-election is a conflict. We have fixed election dates, why not a fixed “writ” period as well.
It’s the rule federally and provincially, there’s an official writ period – a time when MP’s and MPP’s/MLA’s/MNA’s are not “in office”. But while there are technically no elected representatives, the ‘running’ of the government never stops – not even during an election. During the writ period elected officials running for re-election do not perform ‘official’ activities. Typically a writ period is between 28 and 36 days. There have been some exceptions though; in the 2015 federal election then Prime Minister Harper invoked a 78-day writ period. The 2006 election that was required because of a non-confidence vote against the Paul Martin government in November 2005 required an 8 week election period to accommodate a two week Christmas and New Year break. During the break no campaigning took place. Surprising all parties adhered to that!
While fixed election dates are relatively new in federal and provincial elections, municipal elections have had fixed dates for some time. The fixed dates allow for planning of elections and the planning of keeping the wheels of government turning during the writ periods. It makes sense that the idea of the writ period is extended to municipal elections. What has become clear is that without a writ period, any Mayor or Councillor can and does campaign while working. How does this seem NOT to be a conflict of interest?
The arguments given against a dedicated campaign period include the time development applications have to be addressed. People also cite the need for representation at the most local level is available at all times and others believe that the city would stop working if there were a writ period.
The writ period would only be 28 days (or so) every four years; I think developers and others can work around that especially since the dates would be clearly noted by the city. Like federal and provincial elections provisions are made to have at east one person working in the office of the representative. Here in Ottawa, or in any other municipality if you call a Councillors office tomorrow (during the election) someone will answer the phone. Because the election is on it doesn’t stop the councillor’s or the mayor’s office from talking to residents. Business as usual.
Recent changes altered the registration period for candidates from January 1st to May 1st and subsequently increased the incumbent advantage. There has to be a time where incumbents cannot use their position to smudge the line between campaign activities and elected official duties.
One only needs to look at the social media accounts of Ottawa Mayor Jim Watson, he tweets that he has meetings and will attend a gala event (as a Mayor) and have a campaign event (as the Candidate for Mayor) all in ONE tweet. Jim Watson found in a conflict?
For him and others there is no distinguishing official duty from a campaign activity. In the current Ottawa elections, the mayor has been caught in a conflict where it was seen he was using his elected duties to publicize a campaign announcement and using his social media doing it.
A 28-day writ period will level the playing field for 4 weeks, there would be no openings for the Mayor or Councillor to attend and then share on Facebook. No Community fairs that would be part of duties as the elected official – just as a candidate looking for votes. The province short changed challengers with a shorter period for campaigning – reducing the time a Mayor acts as Mayor during the campaign is a tiny consolation.
We ask for transparency in our elected officials every day when they’re in office, for 28 days every four years transparency should be even greater when elected officials are campaigning for re-election. All I suggest is that a 28 day writ period is fair – it works for MP’s and MPP’s and I don’t hear those elected officials complaining. It should work for Municpalities.
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